Sleep Disorders

Sleep Apnea
Sleep apnea is a general sleeping disorder among adults and children in which you have one or more reduction or pauses in breathing or involves shallow breaths while you sleep. These pauses can last from few seconds to minutes. They often occur five to 30 times or more an hour.

Usually sleep apnea goes undiagnosed. The diagnosis of the disease is often accompanied by several tests that are used to confirm the results, based on the person’s medical history.

The most common type of sleep apnea is obstructive sleep apnea in which the airway is collapsed or blocked during sleep and is found mostly in the obese people.


Narcolepsy
Narcolepsy is a chronic sleep disorder which is also the second leading cause of excessive daytime sleepiness. The disorder is also accompanied by a series of auxiliary symptoms.

Primary symptoms of narcolepsy include excessive daytime sleepiness, hallucination, sleep attacks and sleep paralysis. People with narcolepsy tend to fall asleep suddenly anywhere; anytime, in which the sleep attack could last for few seconds to more than an hour. Some people tend to function outwardly, such as continuing a conversation or putting things away, which will not be in their memory once they wake up.


Periodic Leg Movement Syndrome
Periodic leg movement syndrome, also known as periodic limb movement disorder, PLM and PLMD is a sleeping disorder that involves involuntary leg twitching or jerking movements during sleep, typically occurring every ten to sixty seconds and sometimes throughout the night. This may also occur along with other sleep disorders and at least 80% of people with restless legs syndrome have PLMD.

Symptoms of the disease include repeated awakening, severely disrupted poor sleep and subsequent daytime somnolence.


Snoring
Snoring is a loud and rough breathing sound that occurs during sleep when the airways collapse occasionally during sleep. The sound is caused as a result of vibrations in the pharynx. This is a common condition in adults and is considered as a symptom for the sleeping disorder, apnea.

Though snoring is regarded as a common disorder, it is an important social problem as it develops sleeping difficulties to the persons you share the bed with. Snoring results in sleep deprivation, daytime drowsiness, irritability, lack of focus and decreased libido to the snorers.


Insomnia
Insomnia is a very common sleeping disorder and the most common in the United States, where around one-third of the adult population has experienced it.

Insomnia tends to occur more often in women and older adults and arises as a result of not able to get enough or enough restorative sleep because of varying factors. Common symptoms of insomnia include daytime sleepiness, fatigue and decreased mental clarity.

Insomnia is categorized into transient, short and long term insomnia, where the transient and short term doesn’t last for more than few days while the long term or chronic insomnia lasts for than three weeks. Despite of the transient insomnia, short term insomnia requires a greater disturbance.

For information on treatment of Insomnia: www.sleepfoundation.org/insomnia/diagnoses-treatments/


Excessive Daytime Sleepiness
Excessive daytime sleepiness, also known as EDS is a neurological disorder in which there is a sudden recurrent uncontrollable compulsion to sleep. The disorder is also accompanied with lack of energy even after an adequate sound sleep. Excessive daytime sleepiness is considered as a symptom for one of the two forms of sleep disorders, hypersomnia and prolonged nighttime sleep.

Symptoms of excessive daytime sleepiness generally appear in a person’s teens and early twenties, which could vary significantly. Over 100000 Americans are affected by excessive daytime sleepiness, which strikes both genders and people of all races.


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